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From: Dianne Snowden <>
Subject: Re: Gifford White
Date: Wed, 26 Jul 2000 19:13:06 +1000
References: <00c501bff0a8$6f756600$2e4f0c3d@gjwwxsqx>


I don't know whether you had any response to your query re. Gifford
WHITE. He is another protester mentioned in George Rude "Protest and
Punishment. The Story of the Social and Political Protesters transported
to Australia, 1788-1868" (p.211)

Rude mentions that he was a machine-breaker, a Huntingdonshire
ploughman, "who achieved a certain immortality by featuring in Thomas
Hood's 'The Lay of the Labourer.' White was transported in 1844 for
sending a letter to two farmers of Buntisham threatening to destroy the
machinery they had just installed. He arrived in Hobart, via the Cape
and Norfolk Island, on the 'Hyderabad' in February 1845. He received his
ticket-of-leave in 1854 and a conditional pardon two years later. He
then travelled all over the island and bought land in the backwoods on
the banks of the Shannon River. He died there in 1895 at the age of 76
and was described as 'a substantial landed proprietor' and a man of
'unblemished reputation.' "

I do not know the precise conditions of his 'conditional pardon' but it
may have allowed him to return to England.

Dianne Snowden,
Richmoind, TAS.


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