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From: "Jane Lyons" <>
Subject: THE Shamrock
Date: Mon, 10 Mar 2003 01:26:52 -0000

The true Irish Shamrock, as identified by Nathaniel Colgan c. 1893 is a
clover. It is not one of any or many clovers, it is one species, collected
from a majority of counties at that time and with the exception of a very
few plants, the majority were Trifolium repens or a form of this plant -
White clover also known as Dutch Clover

This page has a transcription of the paper published by Nathaniel Colgan in
1893 in the 'Irish Naturalist' plus some links to ballads or poetry relating
to St. Patrick's Day / and or Shamrock. - there is also a list of the names
of people who contributed 'Shamrock' from the various counties at the end of
this paper. Nathaniel does not claim recognition for himself - he names
James Britten as being the first to identify the species that is assigned as
a Shamrock by the majority of Irish at the time or in the 1850's


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