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Subject: Re: [OBRYAN] [MDSTMARY] MD to KY migration - a KS leg
Date: Tue, 18 Nov 2008 13:02:19 -0600
References: <541322.36953.qm@web82504.mail.mud.yahoo.com>
In-Reply-To: <541322.36953.qm@web82504.mail.mud.yahoo.com>

Yea, thanks for all the great history info. Patrick OBryan
----- Original Message -----
From: James Dunavan<mailto:>
To: <mailto:>
Sent: Sunday, November 16, 2008 11:21 AM
Subject: [MDSTMARY] MD to KY migration - a KS leg

How about a little change of pace? Interested in some trivia?

This is one of those long posts. It’s been e-ons since I’ve posted the list, so I hope you will bare with it. Perhaps there may be some appeal in this post for those that have followed their Marylandancestors out of Kentucky.

So here it goes…

In 1834 Joseph Jarboe, Jr [ (1790c -1867) b. Fredrick Co. Md] a native of Bardstown, KYrelocated his family to the French Colony of Westport Landing on the Missouri River. (Joseph married Lydia Ann Clements, daughter of William H. Clements
and Winifred Hardy of St. Mary's County, Md.) Joseph established the Jarboe line in that area and was engaged as merchant, and holder of a general store until his death. He suffered that death by the smoking of too many cigars, according to Jarboe's 2nd wife Cordelia A. Wilson (b. 1819 in MD). Coridelia' s first husband was Charles W. Jarboe (1815-1850) of Baltimore, Md.

As it was, Westportwas a jumping off point (west of St. Louis) for pioneers on their travels west into Indian Territoryand in 1834 was a community of 250 souls. It wasn't until May of 1839 that Westportwas referred to as the town "Kansas". And in time referred to as Kansas City, on both sides of the Missouri River. Jarboe and children establish themselves as civic leaders, serving in various positions in city government. The family prospered - and to this day, the Jarboe surname and descendant still survive.

As it went...

Along about 1843, Chief White Hair of the Osage tribe (Sioux sect) which inhabited the NeoshoRiverValley (S.E. corner of KS) asked the US Senate to send blackrobes to setup schools among Osage. White Hair was a one time student of the Jesuits. The request was made law (treaty) and the first white settlers headed for the Neosho, all catholic religious, who began their migration to Indian Territory.

Things didn’t get going until the spring of 1847 when Fr. John Scheonmakers from Holland, Fr. John Bax of Belgiumand three brothers, all Jesuit missionaries, established a permanent mission, they called it "Osage Mission". These men erected the first structures. The geography boundary of the Missiontoday is located in NeoshoCountybetween the NeoshoRiverand Flat Rock Creek. Osage Mission changed its name in 1895 to St. Paul(after St. Paulof the Cross founder of Passionist Order).

This is where Joe Jarboe comes back into the picture. The Rev. Schoemakers - back in WestportMissourioutfitting supplies and a small caravan for the Mission. Just so happened, Fr. John hired Mr. Jarboe, (the merchant) and his two-horse wagon to escort them to the newly established Osage Mission. The Jesuit and 3 nuns of the order of the Sisters of Loretto set out on a 150 mile southerly trek into Indian Territoryon the Neosho. For the sisters, this was the last leg of their journey from Nerinx, KY.The little caravan consisting of the Jesuit priest, Mr. Jarboe, Mother Concordia Henning, Sisters Bridget Hayden (of KilKenny Ireland), Sister Mary Van Prother and Sister Vincentia Van Cool. The group started for the Osage Mission, from Mrs. P.M. Chouteau house (One of the founding families of St. Louis).

The Sisters of Lorretto and the Jesuits built up the Missionministering the willing Osage through the times of treaties and the Civil War. The Indian population (some 5,000) due to those treaties and war were being displaced to the west and the Oklahomaterritory. In 1860 there were only 88 white settlers (mostly squatters) in the Southeast corner of the new state of Kansas. But when things changed, with the onset of the Homestead Act of 1862, this legally opened up Indian Territoryto white settlements. Homesteadand the 1865 Osage Reserve Treaty allowed for ex-soldiers & civilian emigration to settle the fertile bottom lands of the NeoshoRivervalley. Many of these soldiers hailed from central Kentucky.

To put the Kansas migration into perspective, those 88 white settlers in the entire southeast corner of the state in 1860 grew to 11,211 in just one county according to 1870 Neosho County census (est. 1861). Pretty intense numbers.

The city of Osage Missionwas laid out in December of 1867. The city and much of Neoshocounty were arranged in square mile grids or 640 acre plots. With the implementation of Kansas-NebraskaAct of 1854 along with the Osage Treaty of 1865
white settlers were able to purchase a 160 acre track for $1.25 an acre as long as they lived and improved the land. Families would band together and buy a full 640 acre
plot or section to combine their labor force. The offer of cheap bottom land attracted immigrant and Kentuckysettlers alike. Business was brisk and in 1869 the state accepted over 2,000 land applications.

Now we get to the meat…

In 1867 the first Kentuckian family with southern Maryland ancestry settled in the Osage Mission area was Francis Pius Coomes and spouse Rachel Ann Hagan, Then, came the Wheats, Leakes, Mudds, Jarboes, O’Bryans, Owens, Abells, Smiths, and so on. The attraction was more than the land, Osage Mission offered a religious community with familiarity. The Kentuckians kept coming and the city grew to over 3,000 in the 1870s and was the 13th largest community in the state. With the influx of so many Kentuckians the community continued the Marylandtraditions. The town developed into a catholic stronghold in the state with a monastery, convent, catholic school, and college. The streets were even lined with Kentuckyelms that my ancestors and others broght from MarionCountyin covered wagon. A few still survive after a 140 years of tornados.

The point of this glimpse into prairie history is to make available a list of names of that relate to St. Mary County, ancestry. Our hope is to instigate dialog to expand the Maryland linage database. We are going to post this and a second e-mail with a list of names. If you see a name of interest on that list, I would welcome your input. Thank you for taking the time to read…

Randy Dunavan
Longview, Texas

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